Browse Source

Final update

master
Martins Eglitis 7 months ago
parent
commit
18efb1a4d1
2 changed files with 285 additions and 36 deletions
  1. 285
    36
      docs/final/geofence_final.lyx
  2. BIN
      docs/final/geofence_final.pdf

+ 285
- 36
docs/final/geofence_final.lyx View File

@@ -227,17 +227,55 @@ The geofencing technology is a dynamically developing field of studies nowadays.
This technology has been applied in many applications and industries e.g.
in warehouses to push notifications to the warehouse staff when trucks
are approaching, thus they have time to prepare everything before start
unloading the goods, pet and animal tracking to determine if the pet left
household or track the animal migrations in the natural environment, operators
of ski resorts can notify skiers about danger and react faster to possible
accidents.
Geofencing is also applied in marketing, surveillance, automotive, disaster
information systems, army and many more areas.
unloading the goods [
\begin_inset CommandInset ref
LatexCommand ref
reference "enu:https://www.researchgate.net/pub"
plural "false"
caps "false"
noprefix "false"

\end_inset

], pet and animal tracking to determine if the pet left household or track
animal migrations in natural environment, operators of ski resorts can
notify skiers about danger and react faster to possible accidents.
Geofencing is also applied in marketing [
\begin_inset CommandInset ref
LatexCommand ref
reference "https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-10951-0_73"
plural "false"
caps "false"
noprefix "false"

\end_inset

], surveillance, automotive [
\begin_inset CommandInset ref
LatexCommand ref
reference "enu:https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-03737-0_14"
plural "false"
caps "false"
noprefix "false"

\end_inset

], disaster information [
\begin_inset CommandInset ref
LatexCommand ref
reference "enu:https://www.researchgate.net/pub-2"
plural "false"
caps "false"
noprefix "false"

\end_inset

] systems, army and many more areas.
\end_layout

\begin_layout Standard
\begin_inset Float figure
placement h
placement H
wide false
sideways false
status open
@@ -284,6 +322,23 @@ Geofencing system consists of virtual fences which can be represented in
monitored object enters or exits the geofence.
\end_layout

\begin_layout Standard
Geofencing is also a controversial subject nowadays, reaserch [
\begin_inset CommandInset ref
LatexCommand ref
reference "enu:https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/5475093"
plural "false"
caps "false"
noprefix "false"

\end_inset

] shows that the collected data from GPS can be used to profile people and
analyze their habits and behaviour.
In some situation inflicted data can be used against the users e.g.
a thief can predict whether the user is at home or not.
\end_layout

\begin_layout Section
Transceiver
\end_layout
@@ -405,7 +460,7 @@ Communication - SPI, serial synchronous
\end_deeper
\begin_layout Standard
\begin_inset Float figure
placement h
placement H
wide false
sideways false
status open
@@ -614,6 +669,20 @@ It is important to remember to use the serial switch on the GPS shield and
which is why we recommend using the 3V3 voltage and reduce the number of
unnecessary components, for example, the GPS logger shield LEDs (around
40mA saved).
Moreover, the GPS tracking system works only outside and may not work when
the transceiver is situated around large buildings, which are some the
drawbacks adopting related applications such as location-based services
(LBS) and location-sharing services (LSS) [
\begin_inset CommandInset ref
LatexCommand ref
reference "enu:https://link.springer.com/chapte"
plural "false"
caps "false"
noprefix "false"

\end_inset

].
\end_layout

\begin_layout Standard
@@ -661,7 +730,7 @@ Arduino communicates with another computer using the serial, asynchronous

\begin_layout Standard
\begin_inset Float figure
placement h
placement H
wide false
sideways false
status open
@@ -1303,6 +1372,7 @@ A beacon is a small device which constantly broadcasts (sends data) to nearby

\begin_layout Standard
\begin_inset Float figure
placement H
wide false
sideways false
status open
@@ -1363,6 +1433,7 @@ For evaluation purposes and limited hardware, we implemented two beacons.

\begin_layout Standard
\begin_inset Float figure
placement H
wide false
sideways false
status open
@@ -1630,7 +1701,27 @@ Hardware
\begin_layout Standard
We were not able to find any information about beacons used in research
or academia.
Therefore, our case study is based on two companies - Estimote and Kontakt.
Therefore, our case study is based on two companies - Estimote [
\begin_inset CommandInset ref
LatexCommand ref
reference "enu:https://estimote.com/products/"
plural "false"
caps "false"
noprefix "false"

\end_inset

] and Kontakt [
\begin_inset CommandInset ref
LatexCommand ref
reference "enu:https://kontakt.io/ble-beacons-t"
plural "false"
caps "false"
noprefix "false"

\end_inset

].
Both of them share the very similar features, with some exceptions, for
example, Estimote has beacons with ambient light sensors while Kontakt
offers encrypted communication and ID shuffling.
@@ -1805,6 +1896,19 @@ As regards transceivers, we were not able to find a specific device designed
However, most modern smartphones that have Bluetooth modules installed
can be considered as transceivers.
For example, Android and iOS support creating and monitoring geofences.
In parallel to geofences, companies such as Apple, Microsoft and Nokia
are working to implement geofence based technologies such as LBS and LSS
[
\begin_inset CommandInset ref
LatexCommand ref
reference "enu:https://link.springer.com/chapte"
plural "false"
caps "false"
noprefix "false"

\end_inset

].
\end_layout

\begin_layout Section
@@ -1820,6 +1924,20 @@ As regards evaluating the performance of the system we will execute several
experiments.
We will be focusing on the execution times of the two PIP algorithms -
the ray casting algorithm and the winding number algorithm.
Evaluation of performance (as well as usability and scalability) is based
on the quantitive method.
In our experiments we measured, collected and later analyzed and reported
numerical data [
\begin_inset CommandInset ref
LatexCommand ref
reference "enu:https://www.researchgate.net/pub-3"
plural "false"
caps "false"
noprefix "false"

\end_inset

].
\end_layout

\begin_layout Standard
@@ -1845,6 +1963,13 @@ Although the impact of concrete geographical locations might be irrelevant,
\end_layout

\begin_layout Standard
\begin_inset Float table
placement H
wide false
sideways false
status open

\begin_layout Plain Layout
\begin_inset Tabular
<lyxtabular version="3" rows="33" columns="9">
<features islongtable="true" longtabularalignment="center">
@@ -8033,6 +8158,24 @@ in
\end_inset


\end_layout

\begin_layout Plain Layout
\begin_inset Caption Standard

\begin_layout Plain Layout
Results of the ray casting and winding number algorithms using different
number of vertices
\end_layout

\end_inset


\end_layout

\end_inset


\end_layout

\begin_layout Standard
@@ -8110,7 +8253,7 @@ First experiment will be the field test, Performed in two different locations.

\begin_layout Standard
\begin_inset Float table
placement b
placement H
wide false
sideways false
status open
@@ -8292,6 +8435,7 @@ Location no.1, Beacon ID = 1

\begin_layout Standard
\begin_inset Float table
placement H
wide false
sideways false
status open
@@ -8477,6 +8621,7 @@ Location no.

\begin_layout Standard
\begin_inset Float figure
placement H
wide false
sideways false
status open
@@ -8513,6 +8658,7 @@ Location 1

\begin_layout Standard
\begin_inset Float table
placement H
wide false
sideways false
status open
@@ -8699,6 +8845,7 @@ Location no.

\begin_layout Standard
\begin_inset Float table
placement H
wide false
sideways false
status open
@@ -8884,6 +9031,7 @@ Location no.

\begin_layout Standard
\begin_inset Float figure
placement H
wide false
sideways false
status open
@@ -8959,6 +9107,7 @@ Experiment was performed during a cloudy day between 8:00 am and 1:00 pm.

\begin_layout Standard
\begin_inset Float table
placement H
wide false
sideways false
status open
@@ -9678,6 +9827,126 @@ Results of test 1
References
\end_layout

\begin_layout Enumerate
\begin_inset CommandInset label
LatexCommand label
name "enu:https://www.researchgate.net/pub"

\end_inset

Geofencing for Fleet & Freight Management, Fabrice RECLUS and Kristen DROUARD,
CETE de LYON
\end_layout

\begin_layout Enumerate
\begin_inset CommandInset label
LatexCommand label
name "https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-10951-0_73"

\end_inset

Optimizing Geofencing for Location-Based Services: A New Application of
Spatial Marketing, Gérard Cliquet and Albert Kagan, Concordia College,
Moorhead, MN, USA.
\end_layout

\begin_layout Enumerate
\begin_inset CommandInset label
LatexCommand label
name "enu:https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-03737-0_14"

\end_inset

On the Use of Location-Based Services and Geofencing Concepts for Safety
and Road Transport Efficiency, Ahmed Nait-Sidi-Moh1, Wafaa Ait-Cheik-Bihi2,
Mohamed Bakhouya3, Jaafar Gaber4, and Maxime Wack, Université de Picardie
Jules Verne, 48 Rue Raspail, 02100, Saint-Quentin, France, Itris Automation
Square, Square Roger Genin Grenoble, France, Aalto University, FIN-00076
Aalto, Finland, Universite de Technologie de Belfort-Montbéliard, 90010
Belfort Cedex, France
\end_layout

\begin_layout Enumerate
\begin_inset CommandInset label
LatexCommand label
name "enu:https://www.researchgate.net/pub-2"

\end_inset

Using Geofencing for a Disaster Information System, Akira Suyama and Ushio
Inoue, Tokyo Denki University
\end_layout

\begin_layout Enumerate
\begin_inset CommandInset label
LatexCommand label
name "enu:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/216129452_Geofencing_and_Background_Tracking_-_The_Next_Features_in_LBS"

\end_inset

Geofencing and Background Tracking – The Next Features in LBSs, Axel Küpper,
Ulrich Bareth and Behrend Freese, TU Berlin – Deutsche Telekom Laboratories,
TEL 19, Ernst-Reuter-Platz 7,
\end_layout

\begin_layout Enumerate
\begin_inset CommandInset label
LatexCommand label
name "enu:https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/5475093"

\end_inset

Privacy Implications of Automated GPS Tracking and Profiling, Muhammad Usman
Iqbal, Samsung Lim, University of New South Wales
\end_layout

\begin_layout Enumerate
\begin_inset CommandInset label
LatexCommand label
name "enu:https://link.springer.com/chapte"

\end_inset

Optimizing Geofencing for Location-Based Services: A New Application of
Spatial Marketing, Odile J.
StreedGérard CliquetAlbert Kagan, Conference paper, 13 October 2014
\end_layout

\begin_layout Enumerate
\begin_inset CommandInset label
LatexCommand label
name "enu:https://www.researchgate.net/pub-3"

\end_inset

C.
Ijeh Anthony & S.
Preston David & Imafidon Chris & B.
Watmon Titus & O.
Uwaechie Annette & Samuel Ojeme & R.
Lucas Benjamin.
(2010).
Geofencing Engineering Design and Methodology.
Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science.
2182.
\end_layout

\begin_layout Enumerate
\begin_inset CommandInset label
LatexCommand label
name "enu:https://www.researchgate.net/pub-1"

\end_inset

Geofencing 2.0: Taking Location-based Notifications to the Next Level, Garzon
Sandro & Deva Bersant.
(2014).
Geofencing 2.0: Taking Location-based Notifications to the Next Level.
UbiComp 2014 - Proceedings of the 2014 ACM International Joint Conference
on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing.
10.1145/2632048.2636093.
\end_layout

\begin_layout Enumerate
\begin_inset CommandInset label
LatexCommand label
@@ -9716,7 +9985,7 @@ name "enu:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wik"
\end_inset

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/71/Arduino-uno-perspective-
transparent.png/1200px-Arduino-uno-perspective-transparent.png
transparent.png
\end_layout

\begin_layout Enumerate
@@ -9832,41 +10101,21 @@ http://geomalgorithms.com/a03-_inclusion.html
\begin_layout Enumerate
\begin_inset CommandInset label
LatexCommand label
name "enu:https://www.researchgate.net/pub"
name "enu:https://estimote.com/products/"

\end_inset

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/224108328_Geofencing_for_fleet_freight_ma
nagement
https://estimote.com/products/
\end_layout

\begin_layout Enumerate
\begin_inset CommandInset label
LatexCommand label
name "enu:https://www.researchgate.net/pub-1"

\end_inset

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/274317021_Geofencing_20_Taking_Location-b
ased
\begin_inset Newline linebreak
\end_inset

_Notifications_to_the_Next_Level
\end_layout

\begin_layout Enumerate
\begin_inset CommandInset label
LatexCommand label
name "enu:https://www.researchgate.net/pub-2"

\end_inset
name "enu:https://kontakt.io/ble-beacons-t"

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/306925139_Using_geofencing_for_a_disaster
\begin_inset Newline linebreak
\end_inset

_information_system
https://kontakt.io/ble-beacons-tags/
\end_layout

\end_body

BIN
docs/final/geofence_final.pdf View File


Loading…
Cancel
Save